As I am going to graduate from my college, I have to prepare for the GRE exam. But most of my friends they have to prepare for the GMAT test, because nine out of eleven Chinese students are Business major. Based on the “Business Studies in the USA” International education site, the research shows that in recent years, US universities in general, and doctoral programs in accounting and business in particular, have seen a noticeable increase in admission applications from China and in the enrollment of Chinese students into graduate programs. (Cho，Robin and Robert) There are personal and social reasons why so many Chinese students choose a business major in the United States.
One of the major personal reasons is family influence. For the students who can study abroad, their parents are often successful businessmen and bosses or people who work for the government because it costs so much more than studying in China. Some of the students want to be as successful and rich as their businessman parents, they want to have better living conditions when they are independent and they also want to give a better life to their children. That is why they choose business. They thought studying business is the first step to imitate their parents. Other students choose business because of their parents more or less. Since their parents have big companies or factories, they need to find someone to take over the business when they are old. Of course the first choice is their children because there is a famous saying in China “Fertilizer does not flow outside Tin”. It means why should their parents give their business to a person that they don’t know well. They feel more comfortable to give their business to their children because children won’t lie to their parents. Under this situation, some student choose business to please their parents and some of them even reject their own wishes.
Moreover, choosing business as Chinese students’ major is a good way to take their time to think about what they are really interested in. Since business is a general subject containing many areas such as marketing, accounting and management, there are many choices for people who are not sure what they are going to focus on when they first enter college. Once they have decided what area of business to study, they can specialize their focus even more. Also, business happens every day, it is very practical. For majors such as doctor, computer science and mathematics, people need really professional words and knowledge. However, most of the words or knowledge are not often used in the daily life, and some of those may not be used ever! Business is different, the words for us are easy to understand because they are so close to normal life. Sometimes when we use some professional words in business, it helps to show that we have higher education level and literature cultivation.
Besides the personal reasons, there are also many obvious social reasons that influence Chinese people to make this choice. The main factor why Chinese students choose business in America is because America is good at it. We all know that people like to go to France, especially Paris, to learn clothing design because Paris is a fashion city and it is a paradise for designers. People also prefer to go to Switzerland to learn Hotel Management because the course is very well-known in the world and the diplomas are recognized by the world’s hotel industry. It is the same thing with business in America. We all know that America is one of the most developed countries in the world and the top business universities are all in America such as Harvard, Stanford, Berkeley and Davis. College ranking on US news shows in recent years that the best business colleges are mostly USA colleges in the top 10(US news). People always want the best, so do Chinese people. And we know that there must be something special and different in those universities so that they can keep on top for so many years
When we think of business in United States, images probably come to mind, and with good reason. America’s business sector is made up of several different types of companies. There are huge corporations, with main offices in cities like New York City or Los Angeles and with smaller branches all over the world. There are moderately sized companies with simple beginnings, like a restaurant company that was started out of someone’s house and eventually became a chain of food stores. There are also small businesses found on every main street in America, selling everything from jeweler to books to toys. An international education website says, “If you choose to come to America to study business, you will learn about each of these types of companies and everything in-between.”(Business study in USA)
Another social reason is many Chinese think that business and economy are indivisible. If a country wants to be strong, it must have a strong economy. And where does the economy come from? Business. Chinese students are naturally patriotic. From the time we are children teachers try to teach us to love our country and make contributions to our homeland when we grow up. Parents and elders always say that the hope of the country is held in your and the young people’s hands so you need to work hard and try to be a useful person in the future. Day after day, we begin thinking in that way that we must be successful and we have such strong self-respect because we believe that we can learn advanced technology and professional knowledge and then come back to China to make a difference. Since the students who graduate from universities are young and energetic our information collection capabilities and acceptance of employment in the various groups are the strongest. We can use this talent and the language advantage to build business internationally so that we can help to stimulate the economy in China.
For the reasons above many Chinese students come to the United States to learn business. However, this phenomenon may lead to many different results. For example, if too many people choose business, it is like many people bidding in an auction. The more people demand it, the higher price it will be. Same as business, the more people want to study it, the more competitive it will be. And this will make the universities raise their criteria to accept students since so many students apply for limited positions. Then it will be more difficult for new students to enter the business universities.
On the opposite side, it can also bring a good result. Since many Chinese people take business as their major, they can cooperate with each other and when they have the ability to build companies and factories, they can create hundreds of jobs for people. That will help the society to decrease the rate of unemployment. In addition, their system of operating a company can be an example to others. More business especially international business can help to increase Chinese economy by promoting import and export trade. Then it will also help to stimulate consumption so that it will have better currency in circulation to promote economy growth.
It is not a strange phenomenon for so many Chinese students to choose business in the United States. Things always happen with a reason. Whatever it is, we shouldn’t judge it as right or wrong. As a business major myself I believe there will always be business if the world still exists. Now take a minute to think of one thing, just one that has no relationship with business. I cannot. From the house you live to the transportation you have, from the clothes you wear to the food you eat, from your job to your entertainment, everything has business in it, whether it is big or small. The most important thing is it relates to our lives a lot. If you can learn business well, you will have a happy life.
Chinese students in US accounting and business PhD programs: Educational, political and social considerations Charles H. Cho, Robin W. Roberts and Sherron K. Roberts
Survey: graduates employment in 2008 Xinhua – China Youth Daily
U.S. news world report. March 12, 2009